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Welcome to Arthapedia

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About Arthapedia

Arthapedia is a portal for facilitating understanding of the Indian Economy and its governance by explaining the concepts used in the economic policy domain in India.

This portal is managed by government economists of India (known as Indian Economic Service (IES) Officers) and is intended to cater to the requirements of their counterparts in other countries as well as to academicians, economists, policy practitioners, financial journalists, students and to any interested citizen, both within the country and abroad.

The objective of this portal is to increase transparency in government by simplifying indigenous concepts or by introducing domestic institutions to support the professional development of public policy economists. It is meant to enrich and enhance citizen friendly policy formulation through dialogue and collaborative action.

The motivation behind this site is the then Chief Economic Advisor at Ministry of Finance, Government of India- Dr. Kaushik Basu (Dec 2009 - July 2012)- who on the occasion of fiftieth year of establishment of Indian Economic Service inspired IES officers to create a website for explaining economics related concepts which are of relevance to India.

The forerunner for this website is the internally circulated daily newsletter iES Today which was widely received and appreciated by policy makers of the country.

Members: All serving IES officers are automatically members of this website and are vested with the rights for writing the content.

The Government of India does not monitor the entries and the views expressed therein are not necessarily those of the government. The entries, therefore, must not be treated as official statements of policy or definitions.


 
Recent Concepts
 
Today's concept
Poverty, Poverty Line, Below and Above poverty line (APL, BPL)

In India, Planning Commission estimates the number and proportion of people

living below the poverty line at national and State levels, separately for rural and urban areas. It makes poverty estimates based on a large sample survey of household consumption expenditure carried out by the National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) after an interval of approximately five years. The Commission has been estimating the poverty line and poverty ratio since 1997 on the basis of the methodology spelt out in the report of the Expert Group on 'Estimation of Number and Proportion of Poor' (popularly known as Lakdawala

Committee Report).

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