Health and Well being
Health constitutes an integral part of human development. As per World Health Organization (WHO) Constitution, the objective is to attain the ‘highest possible level of health by all people’. The Alma-Ata Declaration of 1978 noted that “Health for All” could contribute both to a better quality of life and also a global peace and security.
The broad objectives, which encompass a health system, are:
- Improve the health status of the population by lowering mortality and morbidity rates
- Protect the population against the financial risks of health problems
- Respond to citizens’ demands and needs.
Taking into account these broad objectives, the major vision of Government of India has been enunciated in the National Health Policy (2002), which is to achieve acceptable standards of health care for the people of the country. The other main objectives include reducing mortality and overall disease burden through universal access to primary health care services for all sections of society, strengthening secondary and tertiary health care by developing human resources for health and at the same time bringing about population stabilization in the country.