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“Village” means a village specified by the Governor by public notification to be a village as per Article 243(g) of the Indian Constitution and includes a group of villages so specified.

A village is governed by a Panchayat. Indian Constitution also permits “Gram Sabha” to exercise such powers and perform such functions at the village level as the Legislature of a State may, by law, provide. Constitution defines “Gram Sabha” as a body consisting of persons registered in the electoral rolls relating to a village comprised within the area of Panchayat at the village level.

Village or Town is recognised as the basic area of habitation for the purposes of the Census operations – the decennial survey to collect information on different characteristics of the people of India conducted by the Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India under Ministry of Home Affairs.

In the rural areas the smallest area of habitation, viz., the village generally follows the limits of a revenue village that is recognized by the normal district administration. The revenue village need not necessarily be a single agglomeration of the habitations. But the revenue village has a definite surveyed boundary and each village is a separate administrative unit with separate village accounts. It may have one or more hamlets. The entire revenue village is one unit.

Also See

Structure and Major Functions of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in India

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