There is no category as, or definition for National Calamity in the Disaster Management Act, 2005 (DM Act), though certain natural calamities are often called/described as national calamity by media houses based on the perceived magnitude of its impact.
National Calamity does not mean a calamity whose impact is spread over more than one state. What is defined in the guidelines published by National Disaster Management Authority is “calamity of a severe nature”.
As per the DM Act 2005 and 14th Finance Commission recommendations, any notified calamity of a severe nature will qualify for assistance from National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF).
Further, no specific criterion is given in the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) or National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) guidelines for declaring a natural calamity as a calamity of severe nature. However, based on the intensity and magnitude of losses to life, property and infrastructure caused by the calamity, or when the situation caused by a calamity becomes unprecedented, beyond the coping capacity of the State Government and extremely difficult to handle through a normal rescue and relief operation, the Central government treats it as a calamity of severe nature. This is mostly based on the recommendations of the Inter Ministerial central Team (IMCT), made in its report based on field observations subsequent to the said natural calamity.
- National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF)
- State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF)
- Calamity of a Severe Nature